Des mots Pour Grand Dire

Karine Boom, Orthophoniste


Blogue

Blogue

L'école Montessori et ses apports

Posted on March 31, 2015 at 5:50 PM

http://www.montessori.fr/IMG/pdf/Comprendre_Montessori.pdf

Dans cet article, on résume la philosophie de la pédagogie de Maria Montessori... Nous sommes chanceux d'avoir à Trois-Rivières une école de ce type et pour y avoir mis ma plus jeune fille, je peux vous dire que tout ce qu'ils y apprennent est génial pour la suite de leur scolarité.

Bien sûr, une importance particulière est accordée à cette période sensible de 3 à 6 ans où le «apprends -moi à apprendre» et l'accomplissement des tâches avec les mains pour se concentrer est mis en avant. Chaque enfant développe son potentiel à son rythme sans compétition!

Mais en tant qu'orthophoniste, voici ce qui me rejoint le plus...Et ça fonctionne vraiment:


 - D'abord  c'est vrai, le calme qui règne dans une classe Montessori est hallucinant quand on pense qu'ils sont entre 20 et 30 enfants ...

oui mais on leur «apprend» par des jeux d'écoute, des jeux de silence...à contrôler par exemple leur déplacement dans la classe


-Ensuite, même si ce n'est pas un  des objectifs recherchés ,ces enfants apprennent assez vite à lire et écrire:

oui mais on leur donne à réaliser des apprentissages sensoriels avant . Exemple: des exercices de manipulation de petits objets pour la musculation et le contrôle des doigts. Avoir l'occasion d'apprendre séparément la forme des lettres avant d'avoir la maitrise motrice du geste avec crayon, apprendre le son des lettres avec les lettres rugueuses.

Ah nous y revoilà, on lui dit et répète le son de la graphie avant de lui apprendre les lettres alphabétiques.

Plus tard, viennent les mots de 3 lettres..les phonogrammes (ou graphies complexes..oi, on...)...


-Enfin le vocabulaire...ma fille y a développé une connaissance extraordinaire:

Oui mais on ne travaille pas seulement les réseaux sémantiques, on rend concret par des manipulations un mot, un concept. ex. Le mot «île» n'est pas seulement une image sur du papier mais «de l'argile dans des cuvettes peintes en bleu dans laquelle de l'eau est versée »

La conclusion: «Le matériel rend concret des concepts qui serviront de points de référence dans sa mémoire...pour clarifier les termes abstraits rencontrés lors de futurs apprentissages»...et ce que ce soit en mathématique, géométrie...

Pour ceux que cela intéresse, en page 62, une technique pour fabriquer des lettres rugueuses.

un vidéo:http://pontt.net/2015/03/comprendre-montessori/

Categories: Orthophonie

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